This view of julia domnas role in the making of the apollonius legend gets some support from the fact that her son caracalla worshipped him, 12 and her grandnephew emperor severus alexander may have done so as well. Apollonius of tyana article about apollonius of tyana by. The voice which had one night cried to the ships captain, pan, great pan is dead. It describes the sage of tyana s a superhuman, neopythagorean philosopher who tried to reform cultic practices in modern greece, turkey, and syria. Mead edition published in 1901 contents i introductory ii the religious associations and communities of the first century iii india and greece iv the apollonius of early opinion v texts, translations, and literature. It is said that apollonius, who lived in the first century, also performed miracles, had disciples, died, and appeared after his death the same as jesus. Proving that apollonius of tyana was the true founder of early christianity and that the jesus christ of the new testament had no existence except in the imagination of the pagan roman priests at nicea, subsequently called the church fathers, who invented him as a substitute for apollonius, the true christ. Apolonius was born of wealthy parents in the greek town of tyana, greece, and his birth was miraculously announced to his mother by an archangel.
This chapter discusses apollonius as represented in flavius philostratuss c. Jan 18, 2015 apollonius was rebuked and speculated for his use of magic, as it was believed to be used for malevolent use and was later used as insults towards him white 59. I bought the book because i had heard that the jesus story of the gospels was actually based on stories of apollonius. Pdf lord jesus, apollonius of tyana, apostle paul, julia. Section 7 early life apollonius was born legends of the wonderful happenings at his birth were in circulation, and are of the same nature as all such birthlegends of great people. Critics, in an attempt to discredit the bible, occasionally claim that apollonius of tyana, who lived in the first century ad, was an inspiration for jesus or paul or some other biblical figure. Empress julia domna instructed the writer philostratus to write a biography of apollonius, and it is speculated that her motive for doing so stemmed from her desire to counteract the influence of. I had heard of apollonius before, just the name apollonius of tyana. Apollonius taught a yogic communion with the all, a buddhistic message of the conquest of desire, and a christlike doctrine that people should live together apollonius of tyana. Apollonius of tyana the pagan christ of the third century. Recent scholarship puts apollonius life between approximately 40 120 c. However, texts about apollonius of tyana were not written until more than a. This is over 100 years after apollonius lived twice as long as the time between the life of jesus and the latest proposed date for the first gospel writing 75 ad and four times longer than the earliest proposed time 50 ad. Maria dzielska, apollonius of tyana in legend and history problemi e ricerche di storia antica x.
Apollonius seems to have been some combination of philosopher and magician, although philostratus shows distaste for the latter aspect of apollonius life. The life of apollonius of tyana, by philostratus, tr. In the first century of our era, there appeared at tyana in cappadocia one of the chief representatives of neopythagoreanism. Apollonius of tyana the philosopher explorer and social. Maria dzielska flavius philostratus of lemnos, a distinguished man of letters and sophist of the first half of the third century ad, describes in book four of his biography of apollonius of tyana the life of apollonius of tyana vita apollonii tyanensis a wondrous miracle that apollonius performed while in rome under emperor nero. He was perhaps the most famous philosopher of the gr. Apollonius of tyana 2 was the most famous philosopher of the gr. The actual life of apollonius of tyana is really wonderful. Philostratus wrote his biography of apollonius in approximately 220 ce. The life of apollonius of tyana index sacred texts.
Magic and religious authority in philostratus life of. Apollonius was born into a respected and wealthy greek family. According to philostratus life, en route to the far east, apollonius reached hierapolis bambyce manbij in syria not nineveh, as some scholars believed, where he met damis, a native of that city who. Philostratuss colorful biography of apollonius of tyana, recounting the sayings and miracles of a pythagorean sage, incidentally provoked a longlasting debate between pagans and christians. Read apollonius of tyana the philosopherreformer of the first century a. With the exception of the christ no more interesting personage appears upon.
Mead delves into his early life, looking at his biographer, the texts and literature about him, his sayings and. I was the means of saving the life of flavius josephus. However, texts about apollonius of tyana were not written until more than a century after apolloniuss death. We encourage the use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. History and legend are blended so beautifully that it is sometimes hard to tell which is which. Mar 04, 2012 apollonius of tyana is said to have been a neopythagorean philosopher, miracle worker, teacher, and traveler. Main magic and religious authority in philostratus life of apollonius of tyana.
Apollonius travelled extensively for his time, vis. Despite the title, the document is almost certainly not the work of apollonius. Section 4 the apollonius of early opinion apollonius of tyana pronounced tyana, with the accent on the first syllable and the first a short. In the grecoroman context, a divine man follows a systematic guideline, established by ludwig bieler in 1935. From arab sources we hear that in tyana tuwana in arabic and in other eastern greek cities apollonius s talismans were in use. By far the most detailed source is the life of apollonius of tyana, a lengthy, novelistic biography written by the sophist philostratus at the request of empress julia domna. The treatise of eusebius, the son of pamphilus, against the life of apollonius of tyana, written by philostratus, occasioned by the parallel drawn by hierocles between him and christ greek and english, vol. Events in the life of apollonius of tyana apollonius leaves iarchas and returns to greece, as recorded in the life of apollonius of tyana by his biographer, philostratus by dr. The marble bust of apollonius can be seen at the museo di napoli in italy. This important biography of his life and teachings was compiled by philostratus flourished ca. Apollonius of tyanawas the awe and wonder of his time apollonius of tyana the true christ of the first century ad. Apollonius of tyana 4 a wandering philosopher, probably represented apollonius of tyana who lived a part of his life in crete and died there.
We learn that apollonius had several disciples, traveled extensively, met. Librivox recording of the life of apollonius of tyana, by flavius philostratus. This book untitled the life of apollonius of tyana to be one of several books which best seller in this year. The shrine of apollonius in tyana remained an object of veneration even for an early fourthcentury christian pilgrim wandering from bordeaux in 333 ad whose travelnarrative has survived. Information on life of apollonius of tyana by philostratus.
After apollonius death his name remained famous among philosophers and occultists. And thanks to you robertino for your contribution, be blessed with the light which never fails. Philostratus saw the benevolence in apollonius actions and was ready to manifest his teachings and miracle stories to those who had berated. It was in 1978 that i came to this chapel in oregon, and i was introduced to the first century greek philosopher named apollonius of tyana.
Apollonius of tyana a city south of turkey is sometimes offered as a challenge to the uniqueness of jesus christ. After teaching healing a medical practiced at asclepius at aegis and. We here asked him bow it came that josephus had made no mention of that fact in his jewish war. Apollonius of tyana was an ancient greek philosopher. Apollonius,stillunderhisvowofsilence,stoodinthemarketplace, and by hiscalmi and dignified demeanorand gesturescoupledwith his impressive and aweinspiringappearance,heldbackthefury.
He hailed from the town of tyana in the roman province of cappadocia in asia minor. Apollonius of tyana was a historical figure whonis recorded to have travelled widely and performed miracles of kind attributed to jesus christ in fact it is commonly believed that apollonius is the inspiration for those who created a retrospective real jesus christ when the socalled church fathers until the 4th century seem to have believed in a mythical christ a hypothesis that has. Apollonius of tyana similarities to jesus christ historic. This attempt to make apollonius a hero apooonio the antichristian movement provoked sharp replies paolonio bishop eusebius of caesarea and from lactantius. Adapted from the rosicrucian digest, april 1962, pages 150153. This twovolume edition of the life of apollonius of tyana includes, in the second volume, a collection of apollonius letters and a treatise by the christian bishop and historian eusebius attacking apollonius as a charlatan. Stories have closely followed these idiosyncrasies of a divine man, such as those involving jesus, moses, and various other figures that have. Eliphas levis only recorded act of ceremonial magic was the conjuring of the spirit of apollonius of tyana. His date of birth is a matter of conjecture as some say he was roughly a contemporary of jesus. Impact antiquity in the 2nd century the satirist lucian of samosata was a sharp critic of neopythagoreanism. He was born into a wealthy and respected cappadocian greek family, and received the best education, studying grammar and rhetoric in tarsus, learning medicine at the temple of aesculapius at aegae. Apr 07, 2012 that total silence on the part of those authors of the first and second centuries regarding so eminent a philosopher and teacher as was apollonius of tyana, can be accounted for upon but one theory, and that will show that it was a necessity to utterly ignore apollonius and his philosophical and religious teachings, in order that the christian. Entry for apollonius of tyana a dictionary of early christian biography one of 28 bible dictionaries freely available, this dictionary, published in four large volumes, provides details of the lives of early christian leaders.
If jesus also lived, he did so in the same century as apollonius of tyana. Apollonius of tyana, a neopythagorean who became a mythical hero during the time of the roman empire. For those who like classics, this is one of those books that are probably a bit off the beaten path, and worthy of checking out. He calls tyana a greek city in the region of but they have no great power of flying, not tiaa than have birds of short flight. This book, published in 1901, does its best to discover who apollonius really was. This volume, which completes the new loeb classical library edition of the life of apollonius of tyana, provides historical context for that much discussed thirdcentury portrayal of a. The treatise of eusebius, the son of pamphilus, against the life of apollonius of tyana, written by philostratus, occasioned by the parallel drawn.
Apollonius of tyana a dictionary of early christian. Apollonius of tyana was a first century neo pythagorean, a charismatic philosopher, teacher, vegetarian and miracle worker. Hermes trismegistus and apollonius of tyana in the writings. Therefore, critics conclude, what jesus did isnt unique.
Being a 1stcentury orator and philosopher around the time of christ, he was compared with jesus of nazareth by christians in the 4th century and by various popular writers in modern times. The life of apollonius of tyana universal theosophy. Close this message to accept cookies or find out how to. Hermes trismegistus and apollonius of tyana in the. Having been informed who would next manifest through the medium, the time having arrived, i felt a thrill of astonishment and delight of the greatest intensity, and the very air of the humble apartment in which we sat seemed filled with a mighty spiritual power, as the name of apollonius of tyana was announced, and we were greeted for the first. Blavatsky on apollonius blavatsky on apollonius of tyana v. We can say that if apollonius of tyana lived, he did so in the first century. Philostratus life of apollonius the longest and most important source on the life of apollonius is a vie romancee by the athenian author philostratus c. Maria dzielska, apollonius of tyana in legend and history. Apollonius of tyana was a miracle worker of antiquity who was, if he really lived, a near contemporary of jesus.
The life of apollonius of tyana jesus and the gospels. Main magic and religious authority in philostratus life of apollonius of tyana magic and religious authority in philostratus life of apollonius of tyana. Apollonius of tyana 3 journey to india philostratus devoted two and a half of the eight books of his life of apollonius 1. Philostratus life of apollonius was long viewed by christians as a dangerous attempt to set up a christlike rival. Apollonius was a greek philosopher and spiritual teacher from the town of tyana in the roman province of cappadocia modern turkey who lived during the first century of the christian era.
Apollonius of fyann, painted in the reign of vespasian. Mead apollonius of tyana the philosopher explorer and social reformer of the first century ad by g. This book, published in 1901, does its best to discover who apollonius. There is strong reason to believe that apollonius of tyana who traveled to india may be the apostle paul well versed in ancient jainism as well as pythagorean school of thoughts. Apollonius of tyana similarities to jesus christ is undeniable. Others say he was the inspiration for the story of jesus christ. Apollonius lived in the second half of the first century.669 171 95 26 1519 805 1427 364 1212 87 840 31 1075 213 181 1366 1477 1070 1508 820 82 720 339 272 466 1521 709 280 51 701 1520 1608 1602 198 1069 510 1485 715 1176 1298 564 1048 419